Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti: India celebrates Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s birthday on 23 January as Bravery Day. Subhash Chandra Bose, the charismatic leader of India’s national independence movement and an inspiring personality, was born in 1897 in a Bengali family in Cuttack, Odisha. Subhash Chandra Bose was brought up under the close supervision of his lawyer father to become a civilized bureaucrat of the British government, which he achieved. He had secured fourth rank in the Indian Civil Service. But he sacrificed this prestigious post to liberate his country from the British. Like today, even then it was the dream of every Indian to get this post. He dedicated the rest of his life to the service of the country.
Know special things related to Subhash Chandra Bose on his birth anniversary –
1. Had differences with Gandhiji
Subhash Chandra Bose had differences with Gandhi and Nehru on some issues but he always respected Bapu as his co-colleague. The naming of two brigades of the Azad Hind Fauj after Gandhi and Nehru was a personal tribute to the sacrifices of these leaders during the attempted invasion of India. Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose had deep respect for each other despite their very different ideologies.
– Gandhi was a strong believer in non-violence and Satyagraha, whereas for Bose, Gandhi’s strategy based on non-violence was not enough to achieve India’s independence. For Bose, only violent resistance and vigorous revolution could oust foreign imperialist rule from India.
Netaji was angry with Gandhiji and Congress for not being able to save Bhagat Singh.
– In 1939, Netaji became the Congress President by defeating Pattabhi Sitaramaiya, a candidate supported by Gandhiji. Gandhiji had opposed this. On this the rift between Gandhi and Bose increased. After about one and a half months, Netaji resigned from Congress.
Easy speech on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti Bravery Day
2. Prarakram Day
Valor Day is celebrated every year from 2021 in honor of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
3. Subhash Chandra Bose was the 9th child of his parents.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Bengal Division, Odisha. Bose’s father’s name was Janakinath Bose and mother’s name was Prabhavati. Janakinath Bose was a famous lawyer of Cuttack city. Prabhavati and Janakinath Bose had a total of 14 children, including 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash Chandra was his 9th child and 5th son.
4. Rejected Indian Civil Service job
Netaji passed the Civil Service Examination in England in 1920 but left the job to take part in the Indian freedom struggle. After leaving the civil service, he joined the Indian National Congress to liberate the country from the clutches of the British. He was deeply disturbed by the incident of Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
5. Netaji’s only daughter
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose married his secretary and Austrian girl Emily in the year 1937. The two had a daughter, Anita, and currently live in Germany with their family.
6. The first government of India outside India before independence
To liberate India from the British, Netaji established ‘Azad Hind Government’ in Singapore in October 1943. The Azad Hind government was recognized by the governments of 9 countries, which included countries like Germany, Japan and Philippines.
7. Gave up his life in Azad Hind Fauj
Rash Behari Bose handed over the command of Azad Hind Fauj to Subhash Chandra Bose. After this, Subhash Chandra Bose reached Burma (now Myanmar) with his army on 4 July 1944. Here he gave the slogan ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom.’
Share these precious thoughts of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on his birth anniversary.
8. Allegations of links with Nazis
During the Second World War he traveled to countries like the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, Japan and sought cooperation against the British government. After this, Subhash Chandra Bose had to face criticism from almost all political forces for his closeness with fascist forces.
9. Azad Hind Radio Station also started
Subhash Chandra Bose started the Azad Hind radio station in Germany and led the Indian national movement in East Asia. Subhash Chandra Bose believed that Bhagavad Gita was the main source of inspiration for him.
10. Three commissions of inquiry, but the mystery was not solved
Netaji went missing after a plane crash in Taipei on August 18, 1945. Three inquiry commissions sat into the incident, out of which two inquiry commissions claimed that Netaji had died after the accident. Whereas the third inquiry commission headed by Justice MK Mukherjee claimed that Netaji was alive after the incident. The controversy also brought division among Bose’s family members.
100 confidential documents now public
In 2016, Prime Minister Modi made public the digital version of 100 confidential files related to Subhash Chandra Bose, which are present in the National Archives in Delhi.